The Vedas are not like the sounds of common speech to undergo periodical changes by usage; on the other hand, they have been meticulously preserved as a result of being protected by definite prescriptions and indices relating to the sound measures, their nature, sequence, manner of utterance, etc., which have been preserved by oral transmission from generation to generation.The injunctions relating to the persons who should do the Adhyayana, and the Aachaaraas such persons should observe, are intended to promote this objective.

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I t is futile, as it will be foolish, to discard these declarations at any time , on the ground that they do not accord with the discoveries of science known till then.

For, fresh light thrown by later scientific discoveries provide startling confirmation for many of these declarations.

Of the innumerable Veda Saakhaas, we know now only of one out of the 21 branches of the Rig Veda, three out of the 101 branches of the Yajur Veda, two or possibly three out of 1,000 branches of the Saama Veda, and on e only out of 11 branches of Atharva Veda, one will have to devote to its learning about eight years, night and day.

There are various methods in Vedhaadhyayana (memorising the Veda mantras) which help to preserve the number an d the order of the words and letters of each Veda Mantra.

Orientalists also attempt to fix the date of the Vedas on the basis of certain internal evidence about the relation between the Sun and the stars, etc.

The Hindu theory of cycles , however, refers to several creations an d so, the same astronomical coincidences and deviations may have occurred during the period of some past Srstis also.

Some of them say that it was done about 1,500 BC; other suggest that it may have about 3,000 years.

Tilak fixes the date as 6,000 BC But modern Orientalists are inclined to bring the date nearer.

They manifest themselves after each Pralaya (deluge).

Pralaya and srshti (deluge and creation) alternate The Old Testament speaks of the creation of the present world.

In the case of spoken languages , it has been computed that gradual mutations took place with the passage of every 200 years.