For followers of the Salafi movement, the "clear" (i.e.

that developed in Arabia in the first half of the 18th century, against a background of European colonialism.

It advocated a return to the traditions of the "devout ancestors" (the salaf).

For instance, many are careful always to use three fingers when eating, to drink water in three pauses, and to hold it with the right hand while sitting.

In legal matters, Salafis are divided between those who, in the name of independent legal judgement (ijtihad), reject strict adherence (taqlid) to the four schools of law (madhahib) and others who remain faithful to these.

They do not attempt to conceptualize the meanings of the Qur'an rationally, and believe that the "real" modality should be consigned to God alone (tafwid).

In essence, they accept the meaning without asking "how" or Bi-la kaifa.Salafis believe that the Qur'an, the Hadith and the consensus (ijma) of approved scholarship (ulama), along with the understanding of the Salaf us-salih, are sufficient guidance for the individual Muslim.The Salafi da'wa is a methodology, but it is not a madh'hab in fiqh (jurisprudence) as is commonly misunderstood.Some scholars define this movement as Modernist Salafism.This movement emerged as a liberal one, in the later 18th century in Egypt Some 21st-century scholars have suggested there was a medieval form of Salafism, but there is little evidence of this.Purists focus on education and missionary work to solidify the tawhid; activists focus on political reform and re-establishing a caliphate through the means of evolution, but not violence (sometimes called Salafist activism); and jihadists share similar political goals as the politicians, but engage in violent Jihad (sometimes called Salafi jihadism and/or Qutbism).