The responses to the questions were recorded on a tape recorder as the responses to follow up questions were long, winding and intricate in certain respects.

AIM The principal aim of the research project was to document the exact procedure which was involved in the process of iron smelting, how the raw material was found, social consequences and organization of iron work, metallurgical constituents of the raw material and slag and finally to speculate about the possible connection of the indigenous knowledge about iron smelting and the theoretical notions pertaining to and significance of appropriate technology in Zambia.

METHOD SAMPLE AND AREA OF STUDY The major tool of the study was a semi-structural questionnaire which consisted of 10 questions.

Iron tools were first made in the Middle East about 1,500 B. ________________________ My regards to the following for their help in this project; UNICEF in collaboration with the Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Zambia for indirectly sponsoring the study; Professor Serpell, the Director of the Institute of African Studies for his comments and suggestions, Mrs. Daka of the Chemistry Department of the University of Zambia for his assistance in the interpretation of the chemical analysis of the field samples.

My thanks to Jane Myers who is Bowman Hall Secretary at Bridgewater College.

Consequently, the Kings of Egypt were in possession of iron by about 650 B. The first significant iron center was at Merve in the Sudan, in Northern Africa.

It is believed that the art eventually spread to Southern Sahara, to farmers of Lake Chad, West Africa and further Southwards to the high lands of East Africa.

asserts that the Zambian Society which is part of Central Africa, lived in a stone age in its historical background in the earliest time.

This implies that the inhabitants had neither domestic livestock nor agricultural produce, mining and metal work were unknown.

This left the researcher to formulate follow up questions freely to clarify certain aspects of iron smelting which the respondent at that moment was expressing in a vague fashion. The only sites about which measurements were taken were those which were reasonably still intact. The other two sites usually had scattered slag and after very hard searching the site of what used to be ng’anjo was identified.